稀释倍数对虱螨脲乳液性能的影响规律及作用机制
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摘要
农药制剂在使用过程中须按照不同的施药方式进行相应的稀释,而不同稀释倍数对药液性质有较大影响。本文以虱螨脲乳油为研究对象,探讨稀释倍数对乳液稳定性和润湿性能的影响规律及作用机制。结果表明:随着稀释倍数的增大,乳液粒径减小,粒径分布更均匀;同时,由于乳液粒径减小,液滴布朗运动加剧,沉降速率逐渐降低,离心稳定性逐渐增强;但是,助剂浓度的降低导致乳液表面张力逐渐增大,在疏水石蜡板上的接触角逐渐增大,润湿性能逐渐变差。该研究结果可为不同施药方式下农药的规范使用提供依据,对提高农药利用率具有重要的指导意义。
    
引文
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